Spices

Saffron: drought forces production to move

June 28, 2022 10:31 AM, Der AUDITOR
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TEHRAN. While saffron originates in Qaen and Birjand counties in Iran’s South Khorasan province, drought caused production to shift further north in the last fifty years. Growers now mainly produce the spice in the Kohrasan Razavi province, mainly in Torbat-e Heydariyeh, Zaveh and Mahvelat counties. Climate change does not, however, take the sole blame.

Production to shift further north

According to the South Khorasan Agricultural Organisation the average area under cultivation exceeds 17,000 ha in the province. Annual dried saffron production ranges above 70 mt. Cultivation, by contrast, spans 90,000 ha in the Khorasan Razavi province, of which 8,765 ha are located in Torbat-e Heydariyeh county, where around 36 mt of saffron are produced every year. The country has advanced to the world’s leading producer employing 70,000 people, who work directly with saffron.

Although drought mainly caused producti

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