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Pecans: Brazil achieves record crop

November 10, 2021 at 3:33 PM , Der AUDITOR
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REUS/BRASILIA. As reported by the INC, Brazil's pecan crop increased by more than 70% compared to last year and achieved an absolute record volume. China's production volume is also increasing significantly, while Mexico's crop has dropped by almost a third.

USA and Mexico

In its current November report, the International Nut and Dried Fruit Council (INC) estimates US production of inshell pecans for the 2021/22 season at just under 146,500 mt. This would mean a slight increase of 6.8% and would have another important effect: the USA would overtake Mexico as the most important producing country for the first time since 2013. In the Central American country, a severe drought reduced the crop by almost a third, so that a production volume of only 115,214 mt is expected here. This decline is clearly noticeable on the market, as the American Pecan Council reports that most US shelling companies are currently unable to offer pecan halves due to the tight supply situation. In general, the availability of high quality goods is very low. At least US exports have recovered and increased by about 11% compared to last year. Exports to China increased by as much as 65%.

Prices for US goods, meanwhile, have risen slightly on the European spot market to EUR 11.05/kg FCA Spain.

Brazil

The Brazilian harvest was completed in September and reached an all-time high of 6,000 mt, according to the INC. Compared to last season alone, the volume was increased by over 70%. This was mainly due to the almost perfect weather conditions in the largest growing state, Rio Grande del Sul. For the next season, experts expect a decline to about 4,000 mt because the weather phenomenon La Niña could lead to severe drought in the growing regions of southern Brazil.

South Africa

In South Africa, the estimated crop of 16,500 mt of inshell pecans is significantly below original expectations and a good 23% lower than last year's quantity. The cold period during the flowering season is mainly to blame for this. About 15,000 mt are destined for export, which, however, is proving difficult due to the lack of containers and cargo ships. So far, however, exporters expect the situation to ease a little soon.

Pecan producion, inshell basis, in mt

Country

2020/21

2021/22

Diff.

USA

137,150

146,478

6.8%

Mexico

164,300

115,214

-29.9%

South Africa

21,500

16,500

-23.3%

Brazil

3,500

6,000

71.4%

China

1,350

4,000

196.3%

Australia

2,086

3,255

56.0%

Others

1,900

3,500

84.2%

Total

331,786

333,280

0.5%

INC, November 2021

China

The Chinese harvest started in September and is already turning out to be a big surprise. The current INC estimates amount to a production volume of 4,000 mt, which is more than twice as much as expected and a good 196% above last year's crop. The area under cultivation amounts to 80,000 ha. The advantage is that many eight- to ten-year-old trees are now also bearing fruit and are included in production.

Australia

After four years of severe drought, pecan production in Australia has been crowned with greater success again this year. The INC reports high quality nuts that have benefited from the warm but sufficiently wet weather. The harvest was interrupted at times by heavy rains, but is now finished and is estimated at 3,255 mt, more than twice as much as in the 2020/21 season.

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