Nuts

Hazelnuts: Turkey remains top producer

March 23, 2022 12:33 PM, Der AUDITOR
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REUS/ANKARA. Turkey remains by far the most important production country for hazelnuts and can once again record significant increases. Italy, however, suffered a massive drop in production.

Global production on the rise

According to the latest data from the International Nut and Dried Fruit Council (INC), the global crop in 2021/22 is expected to amount to 1.16 million mt of inshell hazelnuts, 8% more than in last year. Turkey can increase its production to 790,000 mt - a good 23% more than in the previous season - and is the undisputed leader, followed by the USA with 64,500 mt and Azerbaijan with 60,000 mt. The latter was able to increase its production by a whopping 50%, displacing Georgia from third place among the most important producing countries. Italy, on however, suffered heavy losses; its crop was a whopping 69% lower than in the 2020/21 season.

Hazelnut production, inshell, in mt

Country

2020/21

2021/22

Diff.

Turkey

640,000

790,000

23.4%

USA

56,600

64,500

14.0%

Azerbaijan

40,000

60,000

50.0%

Georgia

50,000

55,000

10.0%

Italy

160,000

50,000

-68.8%

Chile

40,000

45,000

12.5%

China

25,000

28,000

12.0%

Iran

20,000

26,000

30.0%

France

7,500

7,000

-6.7%

Spain

5,100

5,000

-2.0%

Others

30,000

30,000

0.0%

Total

1,074,200

1,160,500

8.0%

INC, March 2022

Record exports for Turkey

Foreign currency-based hazelnut prices have fluctuated sharply in recent months following the massive devaluation of the Turkish lira. There are also uncertainties about the TMO's actions; there are various reports about how many hazelnuts the state organisation has already sold this year. Exports, meanwhile, are going well; in 2021 Turkey already shipped a record quantity and estimates for 2022 are also positive; the INC expects that more than 340,000 mt of hazelnut kernels could be shipped overseas. No precise forecasts can yet be given for the new crop - the outlook was initially very good, but the sub-zero temperatures of the last few weeks may have led to crop damage.

Hazelnuts, Turkey

Size

EUR/kg

USD/kg

Natural, 13-15 mm, Levant

5.85

6.20

Natural, 14-16 mm, Levant

5.90

6.25

Blanched, roasted, 11-13 mm

6.30

6.90

Meal, roasted, 0-2 mm

5.65

6.00

FCA Spain

Good prospects for the USA

The USA can achieve a production increase of 14% this season. In Oregon in particular, a new record quantity was harvested in 2021 on 36,500 ha, which was also convincing with good quality. The only problem was the kernel size, which was smaller than average due to the severe drought in summer. Due to late rains, about the last 10% of the harvested quantity showed higher damage due to mould and discolouration.

US exporters are also very satisfied with 2021, with high shipments especially to China and Canada. 2022 also starts promisingly with strong exports and experts expect this to continue well into 2022. So far, the outlook for the 2022 crop is excellent, with perfect weather conditions for successful pollination, so a large and high-quality crop is expected this year.

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