Nuts

Pistachios: drought reduces production

September 6, 2021 11:06 AM, Der AUDITOR
Play report as audio

MASHAD. Recent estimates issued by the Agricultural Organisation in Iran’s Khorasan Razavi Province show that pistachio production will decline by 20% this year. While early harvesting already started on 6 August, the main harvest is only starting now. Climate change certainly is an issue.

Growers confronted with climate change

Drought forced growers to activate wells two months earlier than usual so that water was available in their orchards. Pistachios are cultivated on around 70,000 hectares in Khorasan Razavi at present. This area is projected to grow by 5,000-8,000 hectares annually in the next few years. Another problem are pests. While pistachio growers only had to deal with relatively few pests in the rainy years of 2019 and 2020, this year’s drought has prompted the pistachio psyllid pest to spread, which causes considerable damage.

Traders state that the climate change has had a drastic impact this year as growers are confronted with heavy losses in terms of production due to rising temperatures, changes in rainfall, intensification of drought in desert areas and changes in surface and groundwater resources. These environmental changes have impacted pollination. The lack of low temperatures has caused flower buds to fall and delayed flowering, especially for Akbari and Badami pistachios. Some measures have, however, been taken to limit the damage in the orchards.

Prices are up

Supply squeezes have driven up the prices in the domestic market as large volumes were exported in 2020/2021 and the new crop is yet to arrive. The anticipated decline in this year’s production coupled with climatic stress have further driven up prices. Akbari pistachios are most notably trading EUR 0.40-0.41/kg higher than in mid-August, Fandoghi and Kale Ghuchi pistachios are trading 0.33-0.36/kg higher and Ahmad Aghaei pistachios EUR 0.17-0.21/kg higher.

Pistachios, Iran

Type

EUR/kg*

Ahmad Aghaei, 24-26

9.15

Ahmad Aghaei, 26-28

8.83

Akbari, 20-22

9.75

Akbari 22-24

9.35

Kale Ghuchi, 22-24

8.48

Kale Ghuchi 24-26

8.28

Fandoghi, 30-32

7.76

Fandoghi 32-34

7.56

FOB Iran

*Please note that these reference prices apply to an order volume of 1 mt. Prices may range lower for higher volumes.

 

View more
price charts, pistachios, Iran
more price charts

View related articles

Go to the News Overview
Nuts
Sep 15, 2021
SACRAMENTO/MADRID. Although US almond production is expected to range lower, arrivals are currently 14% up on last year. As harvesting started early arrivals have risen. Buyers and Europe and China are taking advantage of large supplies.
Nuts
Sep 14, 2021
BEIJING. Demand for walnuts is up in China as local processors are busy obtaining sufficient supplies for the Golden Week, which is celebrated on 01-07 October. This has largely impacted prices. Prices are too high for some buyers.
Nuts
Sep 13, 2021
ORDU. Traders report that the hazelnut season has not started properly in Turkey yet. Issue is that unstable weather conditions have delayed drying. Arrivals are low and trading is still to revive. Growers are very much satisfied with prices at present.
Nuts
Sep 6, 2021
ORDU. As delays in drying hazelnut kernels at Turkey’s Black Sea coast are now impacting supplies in Europe traders urge buyers to consider a more effective supply chain management. Long queues are being reported in front of the TMO as growers are intent on selling to the state-run organisation. Prices have drifted far apart.