Sunburn due to excessive heat
The microbiological load is also problematic. However, it is not only up-to-date technology that is missing but also smaller processing units in the vineyards, which would help suppliers to meet basic standards. Such shortcomings are a particular issue in Kashmar, Khalilabad and Bardaskan counties. Another problem was that farmers tended to cultivate only one variety of grapes. This has, fortunately, changed somewhat as farmers are now switching to new cultivars, which helps to mitigate risks.
As the Agricultural Organization of